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Cruise ships docked at Kom Ombo on the NileThe Temple of KomOmbo is to be found on the East side of the Nile just less than 30 miles north of Aswan and about 500 miles south of Cairo. Kom Ombo itself is an agricultural town, which houses this beautiful Temple complex.  The Temple is from the Greko/Roman period and overlooks the Nile, the name derives from both the Pharaohonic and Arabic languages meaning “hill of gold.”

Kom Ombo was built during the reign of King Ptolemy V, and took many years to complete with each king in succession adding his own part over time.  Large parts of the temple were built during the reign of Tiberius the Roman Emperor and were to continue for many years until the middle of the 3rd century AD.

The purpose of building this magnificent temple was to worship the two Gods, Sobek the Crocodile God and Horus the Falcon God. This explains why the complex comprises of two equidistant temples. They were built from limestone in a rectangular shape, with a front courtyard, a hypostyle hall, some further halls, and two sanctuaries, both dedicated to the Gods Sobek and Horus.

Ruins of the Temple of Kom Ombo, EgyptThey are complex to explore, and with careful examination of the interior it is possible to see some excellent wood carvings along with many antechambers, and smaller rooms, which would have been used for a variety of different purposes.

The Chapels of Hathour and Sobek are both situated in the Eastern sections and interestingly the Temple has its own Nileometer, which consisted of a well where Egyptians were able to measure the level of water in the Nile. It is believed that this was built in the Roman period and was considered of vital importance when the Nile was flooded.

This temple complex is about 60 LE to visit and can be visited anytime during the day although it is a good idea to visit when the weather is at its coolest, such as early morning or early evening. There are no camera charges so pictures can be taken freely. 

 

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